Environment Counts | Deforestation success stories in tropical rainforests :
The report Deforestation Success Stories, June 2014, Boucher et al of the Tropical Forest and Climate Initiative, Union of Concerned Scientists, presents evidence and
analysis of significant national and regional success in slowing the rate of deforestation in some of the Worldâ€™s largest tropical forests.
The report states that â€œthe pace of deforestation is down by 19 percentâ€” to 13 million hectares annually in the first decade of the 2000s (FAO 2010) â€” as a variety of efforts have proven successful at protecting forests while boosting local economies and livelihoods.â€
The report is organised around national and some regional case studies of deforestation and reforestation in Brazil, Guyana, Madagascar, Kenya, India, Mexico, Vietnam, Costa Rica, Tanzania, Central Africa and El Salvador.
Deforestation and reforestation data is provided for some countries, eg Brazil and Mexico. The report concentrates on summarising and assessing the success of deforestation policy and some related major project initiatives over the last two decades.
About 60 percent of the Amazon forest is in Brazil, and about 80 percent of the original forest still remains. But only a decade ago it was disappearing at a rapid rate, making Brazil the leader in deforestation worldwide at the time and the worldâ€™s third-largest source of global warming emissions.
The report states that while most sectors in Brazil have steady or increasing emissions from 2001 to 2011, there was an overall decreasing trend in Brazilâ€™s emissions. This net decrease was more than 750 million tons of CO2 eq annually â€” a cut of almost one third. And it was all due to success in the â€œland use changeâ€ sector, where emissions fell by a billion tons â€” a 64 percent drop â€” while in other sectors they increased. The report states that â€œessentially all of the reduction in land use change emissions came from the decrease in deforestation in the Amazon, the worldâ€™s largest tropical forest.â€