Environment Counts | Wildlife comeback in Europe: The recovery of selected mammal and bird species :
A new report by the Zoological Society of London (ZSL), BirdLife International and the European Bird Census Council indicates that the mammal species studied have on average increased their distribution range by around 30% since the mid-20 th century. Ranges of bird species selected for the study on average remained stable over the same time period, although the majority of species at first contracted considerably, but then expanded again by 14% since the 1980s.
The report states â€œwe find that wildlife comeback in Europe since the mid-20 th century appears to be predominantly due to species protection and active targeted conservation (both birds and mammals), habitat management and site protection (birds) and legal protection (both). Of the species management techniques, actively boosting existing or setting up new populations, via translocations and reintroductions, was the foremost type of species management linked to increased abundances amongst mammals and birds. Reduction in hunting pressure, protection from persecution and the phasing out of certain toxic chemicals, thus decreasing non-natural mortality, were also important for species recovery… Despite a picture of increasing abundance and expanding distributions for a number of European bird and mammal species, many other species are still at risk.â€ Deinet, S., Ieronymidou, C., McRae, L., Burfield, I.J., Foppen, R.P., Collen, B. and BÃ¶hm, M. (2013) Wildlife comeback in Europe: The recovery of selected mammal and bird species